Hydraulics & hydrology training
Find the Hydraulics and Hydrology training course manual's lessons, Highway Runoff Manual workshops and training along with Fish Passage and Stream Restoration design training.
Hydraulics and Hydrology training course manual
- Lesson 1: Hydraulic Manual Policies (PDF 1.4MB)
- Lesson 2: Hydraulics and Hydrology Methods (PDF 3.5MB)
- Lesson 3: Pavement Drainage Design and Pipe Sizing (PDF 3.0MB)
- Lesson 4: Hydrologic Processes and Large Woody Material (PDF 15MB)
- Lesson 5: Fish Passage, Stream Design and Bridge Scour (PDF 9.8MB)
- Lesson 6: How to use the Highway Runoff Manual and Hydraulics Manual (PDF 574KB)
- Lesson 7: Introduction to the Hydraulic Report (PDF 742KB)
- Lesson 8: Hydraulic Issues for Design-Build vs. Design-Bid-Build (PDF 1.5MB)
- Lesson 9: Pipe Materials (PDF 1.9MB)
- Lesson 10: Culvert and Ditch Design (PDF 2.5MB)
- Day 1 Exercises and Solutions (PDF 411KB)
- Day 2 Exercise Design Packet (PDF 541KB)
- Day 2 Exercise and Solutions (PDF 1.2MB)
Highway Runoff Manual training workshop
The Highway Runoff Manual (HRM) is WSDOT’s primary source of stormwater planning and design requirements for highway-related work. The HRM Training Workshop is a certification course that is for WSDOT, local agencies, and consultants who do stormwater work on WSDOT Right of Way. It is targeted toward stormwater engineers, designers, and environmental professionals whose work on transportation-related stormwater issues requires use of WSDOT’s 2019 HRM.
As an obligation of WSDOT’s National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) Municipal Stormwater General Permit, this training is required for anyone that designs new stormwater Best Management Practices (BMPs) on WSDOT ROW, modifies an existing stormwater BMP on WSDOT ROW, or where a stormwater BMP is designed or modified and will be turned back to WSDOT for ownership. If you already have a 2014 HRM certificate number, there is a separate 2019 HRM Update Training so that you can receive your 2019 HRM certificate number.
Participants are required to attend every day of the training and pass the final exam to receive a 2019 HRM Certificate of Completion number. This certification number is valid until the next version of the HRM, which is expected in 2024. Any major HRM updates, supplements or trainings will be announced on the Highway Runoff Manual web page and through the HRM listserv.
WSDOT maintains a database of all professionals who have successfully completed the training. This database may be referred to by WSDOT when making future work assignments, when reviewing future requests for proposals, and it may be used in the proposal ranking criteria for future projects.
WSDOT 2019 Highway Runoff Manual Training Workshop (4 day GoToWebinar)
Scheduled training dates
May 23 – May 26, 2022 from 8am – 12pm each day
Register here for Highway Runoff Manual Training Workshop Session #1
October 31 – November 3, 2022 from 8am – 12pm each day
Register here for Highway Runoff Manual Training Workshop Session #2
Each attendee needs to register individually since this is a certification training. To obtain the HRM certificate of completion, please plan on attending every day for the 4 day sessions using a computer (as opposed to your smart phone) since we will be doing exercises together that will require measurements and calculations. We will be using GoToWebinar for this instructor led training. WSDOT may schedule additional sessions depending on the need.
There is no registration fee for this training.
Please contact Olivia Torres Stagner if you need any more information about the HRM Training Workshop.
WSDOT 2019 HRM update training (only for those who already have a 2014 HRM certificate number)
Please send an email to HRMTraining@wsdot.wa.gov with “Please send me the 2019 HRM Update Training Link, my 2014 HRM certificate number is” in the subject line.
Please make sure to include your 2014 HRM Certificate Number in the subject line. Please also include your full name in the email so we can match your name with your HRM certificate number before sending you a reply email with the training link. If you forgot your 2014 HRM certificate number, please email Alex Nguyen.
There is no course fee for taking the WSDOT 2019 HRM Update Training.
Hydraulics Manual training (in-class)
This two-day training class is for Washington State Department of Transportation (WSDOT) staff, consultants, and local agency staff involved in hydraulics, hydrologic, and stormwater design for WSDOT projects. This two-day introductory training focuses on updated policies and procedures in the HM and steps through all chapters of the HM. Participants will gain an understanding of the difference between hydraulic and hydrology methods as well as perform miscellaneous example exercises. The training will also discuss topics and issues when creating a hydraulic report for a WSDOT project. This training is targeted at new stormwater and hydraulic designers.
WSDOT 2019 Hydraulics Manual training workshop (2 day in-class)
Scheduled Training Dates: TBD
2022 Fish Passage and Stream Restoration design training (online)
In partnership with the WDFW and the Tulalip Tribe, WSDOT has put together the 2022 Fish Passage and Stream Restoration Training. This training is intended to inform water resource practitioners on the purpose and process of fish passage barrier corrections as they relate to WSDOT roadway crossings. Participants who complete the full training and pass the final exam will be issued a 2022 FPSRD certificate number. This certificate number will be required starting January 31, 2021 by all authors of the Preliminary and Final Hydraulic Design (PHD/FHD) reports written for WSDOT projects.
Training overview: This training is composed of 14 separate video modules, each of which focuses on a different aspect of the purpose and process of fish passage projects delivered by WSDOT. Participants must watch all module videos before seeking certification for this training. Links to these module videos and their descriptions are provided below.
Certification: In order to receive a FPSRD certificate number, a participant is required to view all 14 module videos, and pass a comprehensive exam. Once a participant has viewed all module videos, send an email to Fish Passage Training to receive a link to the exam. The exam consists of 50 questions with several from each of the modules, and a score of at least 70% is required to pass. After successful completion of the exam, the participant will receive a 2022 FPSRD certificate number. This certificate number will be required starting January 31, 2021 by all authors of the Preliminary and Final Hydraulic Design (PHD/FHD) reports written for WSDOT projects.
Training materials and resources: The resources listed here are intended to be used in conjunction with the training modules below. Please contact HQ Hydraulics to ensure you are using the most current version of these files for your project.
- Fox and Bolton - 2007 (PDF 658KB)
- Preliminary Hydraulic Design flowchart (PDF 819KB)
- Log Metrics Calculator (XLSX 24KB)
- Hydraulic Design Report Checklist (DOCX 28KB)
- Hydraulic Design Report Template (DOCX 6.94MB)
- Hydraulics Field Report Form (DOCX 29KB)
- Flood Risk Assessment (FRA) template resource file (DOCX 6.7KB)
- Fish Passage Project - Level of complexity field form (PDF 190KB)
- Project complexity considerations (DOCX 33KB)
Content on YouTube is supported by advertising that WSDOT has no control over. The information found on external sites (like YouTube) are not controlled or endorsed by WSDOT.
Introduction: 2020 Fish Passage and Stream Restoration Design Training
This introduction provides an overview of the fish passage program at WSDOT as well as the objective and intended audience of this training.
Module 1: Treaty Rights & Tribal Natural Resources Management
This module informs on the critical importance of understanding and acknowledging Tribal Treaty Rights, the rights of tribes as co-managers of our natural resources in the State of Washington, and some of the history of how this came to be. View training slides (PDF 886KB) for this module.
Module 2: WSDOT Fish Passage Program Background
This module provides an overview of WSDOT’s fish passage program. It will describe how the program was started, and how the program has responded to the US V Washington Culvert case. The key requirements of the federal injunction and how the Department is meeting them will be discussed. View training slides (PDF 1.8MB) for this module.
Module 3: Hydraulic Project Approvals
This module provides an overview of the origins of the State Hydraulic Code and how the WDFW applies the authority granted it under the Hydraulic Code. The presentation will provide an introduction into what is considered a hydraulic project, what it means to protect fish life, and more specifically, the typical process that WDFW and WSDOT go through to permit hydraulic projects. View training slides (PDF 829KB) for this module.
Module 4: Hydraulic Design Process
This module informs practitioners on the process of the hydraulic design starting with initial site visits and ending with final Plans, Specifications and Estimates. The module also covers how the Hydraulic Design fits in at each stage of the overall design process. View training slides (PDF 2.6MB) for this module.
Module 5: Preliminary Hydraulic Survey
This module defines the roles and expectations of the parties involved, challenges associated with data collection, the timeline of deliverables, and a general overview of WSDOTs role in the surveying process. View training slides (PDF 1.9MB) for this module.
Module 6: Modeling with SRH-2D
This module gives an overview of documentation requirements specific to hydraulic modeling for preliminary and final hydraulic design reports and appendices. This module address the recommended approaches to modeling large woody material and hydraulic roughness. View training slides (PDF 1.02MB) for this module.
Module 7: Biological Considerations
This module will inform on the impact of fish passage barriers to salmon and steelhead and the benefits of stream simulation structures to wild fish. Resources for writing the PHD Report and how specific project elements benefit salmon and steelhead recovery in degraded watersheds will be discussed. View training slides (PDF 2.2MB) for this module.
Module 8: Geomorphic Assessment for Stream Crossings
This module offers practitioners an applied review of fundamental geomorphic concepts, elements of the site and reach assessments, and evaluation of vertical channel stability as they relate to the design and replacement of stream crossings. View training slides (PDF 2.9MB) for this module.
Module 9: Streambed Design
This module provides an overview of the streambed design process, primarily as described in the WSDOT Hydraulics Manual, Chapter 7. This includes channel types, design approaches for high- and low-gradient reaches, bed material sizing and mix design, and incorporation of streambed “complexity” within structures. View training slides (PDF 4.0MB) for this module.
Module 10: Reference Reaches, Large Wood, & Other Habitat Features
This module reviews the most current WSDOT reference reach and habitat features policies. The challenges associated with design and implementation of large wood and other habitat features in stream restoration in the WSDOT context will be discussed. View training slides (PDF 4.0MB) for this module.
Module 11: Hydraulic Design Report Template
This module informs practitioners on how to take the information covered in the previous modules and integrate it into the preliminary and final hydraulic design reports. Each section of the hydraulic design report template will be covered along with expectations of those sections and previous lessons learned. View training slides (PDF 4.6MB) for this module.
Module 11a: Updated PHD/FHD Template 2022
This module will familiarize practitioners with the expectations associated with authoring preliminary and final hydraulic design reports using the 2022 report template. It will illustrate any changes to the report templates, as well as how to document and allow WSDOT to track progress. The new addition to the field report will be explained. View training slides (PDF 13.9MB) for this module.
Module 12: Fish Passage Construction 2022
This module informs practitioners on the challenges associated with fish passage construction and implementation of design and specifications to meet the project intent and provide a highway crossing that is sustainable to fish passage for the life of the structure crossing. View training slides (PDF 17MB) for this module.
Module 13: Post Project Monitoring
This module is intended to provide an awareness of the post-project Monitoring Program at WSDOT and its framework. Topics of discussion include: the difference between assessing fish passage and stream performance, identifying specific design elements that can impact fish passage, and how monitoring results can inform future designs. View training slides (PDF 2.8MB) for this module.
Module 14: Flood Risk Assessment 2022
This module will provide a detailed walk-through of information and expectations when completing a flood risk assessment, specifically using the WSDOT's Flood Risk Assessment Template. View training slides (PDF 5.1MB) for this module.
Hydraulics questions & answers
Find more information on specific hydraulic training topics below.
The fish passage construction training (PDF 122KB) document summarizes audience questions and answers from the live WSDOT Fish Passage Construction Training that occurred on 1/13/22. These questions are relevant to Module 12.
See the flood risk assessment (PDF 138KB) document summarizing answers to questions asked during the WSDOT Flood Risk Assessment Workshop on 1/5/22. It can be used to clarify concepts in Module 14.
The PHD/FHD updates (PDF 135KB) provide answers to questions from the live WSDOT PHD/FHD Workshop on 1/18/22. It applies to material discussed in Module 11a.
The scour analysis and scour countermeasures (PDF 498KB) document provides answers to frequently asked questions regarding the process of calculating scour in WSDOT projects. The questions are organized into the by component: total scour, scour countermeasures, streambed construction, and SMS/Hydraulic Toolbox.
Ten topics for successful scour analysis (PDF 3.7MB) provides some helpful tips on using HEC-18, SMS, and the Hydraulics Toolbox for scour analysis in WSDOT fish passage projects.
If you have any questions regarding any of the information in the modulars, reference material or Q&A, or have completed the module videos and would like to request a link to the comprehensive exam, please send an email to Fish Passage Training.
MGSFlood productivity training workshop for WSDOT projects
This training provides step-by-step instructions for stormwater modeling of flow control Best Management Practices (BMPs) and some runoff treatment BMPs for western Washington WSDOT projects. This training walks the participant through the setup and use of the continuous simulation model software MGSFlood. This training is targeted towards new and intermediate stormwater designers.
This training incorporates Highway Runoff Manual (HRM) stormwater policies and design checks into the stormwater modeling process. The training workshop really focusses more on how to do stormwater modeling for WSDOT projects and less on the “why”. The participant will also learn how to develop model inputs and how to read the model output to verify compliance with HRM stormwater policies.
Scheduled training dates TBD.
Please use the MGSFlood continuous simulation modeling software for this training if you want to do calculations as we work through the example problems. The training will not provide the participant with a license or copy of MGSFlood. WSDOT employees can download the MGSFlood software from the Software Center from their start menu. Other non-WSDOT participants can download a free trial version of the software from the MGSFlood website.
Please download a copy of the WSDOT Flow Control Inputs Spreadsheet (XLSX 67KB).
These below examples are only for WSDOT training purposes and should not be used for real world design.
- MGSFlood Training Workshop and Example Problems (PDF 2.54MB)
- Slot to Circular Spreadsheet (XLS 53KB)
- Pond Pipe Spreadsheet (XLS 79KB)
- Irregular Pond Shape Elevation Volume Spreadsheet (XLS 69KB)
StormShed3G beginner training
One-day class, the Learning Center course code: “WSDOT DES: STORMSHED BEGINNING”
Prerequisite: Hydraulics and Hydrology training course.
WSDOT uses StormShed3G to design conveyance systems including pipe, storm sewer and ditches. The class will give students general knowledge of the StormShed3G software and its capabilities along with hands on experience. Examples are used to teach students how to set up basins, design ditches and networks, as well as how to determine the correct design storm events. BMP design guidance from the HRM is included in the training material.
Stormshed3G beginner training (in-class)
Scheduled Training Dates: TBD
StormShed3G beginner training examples
Training material for the Eastern StormShed3G Beginner Course:
- Introduction to Hydraulic Reports (PDF 259KB)
- Course Agenda (PDF 19KB)
- Overview and Project Configuration (PDF 274KB)
- Basins and Design Storms (PDF 674KB)
- Ditch Design (PDF 521KB)
- Network Design (PDF 402KB)
StormShed3G intermediate (WSDOT internal training)
One-day class for Eastern Washington. The Learning Center course code TBD
Prerequisite: StormShed3G Beginner course.
Students will go through several examples of runoff treatment and flow control BMP designs. Examples include:
- Biofiltration swales
- Vegetative Filter Strips
- Natural Dispersion
- Long Duration Storms
- Detention Ponds, Infiltration Ponds and Bioinfiltration Ponds
- BMP design guidance from the HRM is included in the training material.
StormShed3G intermediate training (in-class)
Scheduled Training Dates: TBD
StormShed3G intermediate beginner examples for Eastern Washington only
- Introduction to the Highway Runoff Manual (PPT 728KB)
- Biofiltration Swales (PDF 719KB)
- Vegetative Filter Strips (PDF 191KB)
- Natural Dispersion (PDF 345KB)
- Regional Storms (PDF 314KB)
- Detention Pond Design (PDF 718KB)
- Infiltration Pond Design (PDF 807KB)
- Infiltration Calculation Spreadsheet (XLS 123KB)
- Bioinfiltration Pond (PDF 437KB)