Determine what type of analyses your project will require
WSDOT addresses air quality, energy, and greenhouse gas emissions from projects together because they often use the same tools, however each analysis has slightly different triggers.
Refer to the Analysis decision tree (PDF 564KB) to determine which types of analyses your project requires. If your WSDOT project needs an analysis, inform the Environmental Documentation and Permit Specialist assigned to your project.
- Air quality conformity - see list of exempt project types in WAC 173-420-110
- Mobile source air toxics (MSAT) emissions
- Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions
Conduct and document analyses & prepare NEPA documentation
Air quality, greenhouse gas, and energy guidance (PDF 564KB) – Follow this guidance to ensure your analysis and documentation meet all requirements.
Air quality, greenhouse gas, and energy discipline report template (DOCX 1.3MB) – Use this template for project discipline reports. Write one discipline report to cover all air quality, greenhouse gas, and energy analyses and documentation that a project requires.
Air quality, greenhouse gas, and energy checklist (PDF 125KB) – Refer to this checklist to make sure your documentation meets all requirements.
Projects in air quality maintenance or nonattainment areas must demonstrate conformity. Washington State has areas under maintenance plans for course particulate matter (PM10), fine particulate matter (PM2.5), and carbon monoxide (CO). Find general information about transportation conformity requirements at the Federal Highway Administration's (FHWA) Air Quality and FHWA Transportation Conformity sites.
Puget Sound and Vancouver areas no longer require CO conformity analysis as of October 2016. Projects in other CO maintenance still require hot-spot analysis. Use the Washington State Intersection Screening Tool to complete these analyses.
Larger projects in particulate matter maintenance areas may meet the EPA description of a "project of air quality concern" and could require a hot-spot analysis. EPA offers direction on Project-Level and Hot-Spot Analysis on their website. Refer to Appendix B of EPA’s Transportation conformity Guidance for Quantitative Hot-spot Analysis in PM2.5 and PM10 Nonattainment and Maintenance Areas for descriptions of projects that may and may not require PM hot-spot analysis. If your project may be a project of air quality concern, contact Lindsay Taylor, Lindsay.Taylor@wsdot.wa.gov, for assistance with the interagency consultation process.
Reference the Memorandum of Agreement with Puget Sound Clean Air Agency - Fugitive Dust (PDF 22KB) for projects within King, Kitsap, Pierce, and Snohomish counties. Refer to the Guide to Handling Fugitive Dust from Construction Projects (PDF 862KB) from the Associated General Contractors of Washington for additional information on fugitive dust best management practices.
Mobile Source Air Toxics (MSAT)
For MSAT analyses, WSDOT follows FHWA's updated interim guidance. If your project includes road segments with more than 140,000 average annual daily traffic, a quantitative MSAT analysis may be required.
Refer to the FHWA MSAT Frequently Asked Questions for current information on determining if your project requires an MSAT analysis and how to complete the analysis.
Greenhouse Gas Emissions
Follow the WSDOT guidance on Project-Level Greenhouse Gas Evaluations Under NEPA and SEPA (PDF 293KB) to address greenhouse gases in project documentation. All WSDOT projects must follow this approach.
Find more information on addressing the changing climate on Cumulative effects & climate change.
Only projects being evaluated at the environmental impact statement (EIS) level require an energy analysis. Follow the Air Quality, Greenhouse Gas, and Energy Guidance (PDF 517KB) and include energy in the same report as air quality and greenhouse gas emissions.
Review contract documents for commitments
See Environmental Manual Chapter 600: Construction (PDF 335KB) of the for policy guidance on how to track and comply with commitments during final design and construction.
Environmental Manual Chapter 425: Air quality, energy, and greenhouse gases (PDF 312KB)
Find information on addressing the effects of the changing climate and evaluating project vulnerabilities on your project on Cumulative effects & climate change.
Tools & templates
Motor Vehicle Emissions Simulator (MOVES)
For quantitative analysis of operational air quality, greenhouse gas emissions, and energy, use the most recent version of EPAs Motor Vehicle Emissions Simulator (MOVES) model. Find more information about the model on EPA’s MOVES webpage. Refer to the Air quality, greenhouse gas, and energy guidance (PDF 517KB) for information on state-specific inputs.
Washington State Intersection Screening Tool (WASIST)
Use WASIST to complete hotspot analysis for in CO maintenance areas. Version 3.0 of the tool uses MOVES2014 emission factors and is approved by the US Environmental Protection Agency's Region 10. WASIST can be used during the grace period for MOVES3; the grace period ends January 9, 2023. To request the tool, contact Jim Laughlin, Jim.Laughlin@wsdot.wa.gov.
Infrastructure Carbon Estimator (ICE)
WSDOT uses the Infrastructure Carbon Estimator (ICE) to estimate the greenhouse gas emissions from construction and maintenance for project level analyses. The tool is available on the Minnesota DOT Greenhouse Gas Emissions Analysis website.
Analysis decision tree (PDF 526KB) – to determine which analyses your project required.
Air quality, greenhouse gas, and energy discipline report template (DOCX 1.3MB) - To write a discipline report.
Guidance on Addressing Air Quality, Greenhouse Gas Emissions, & Energy (PDF 517 KB) - To ensure your analysis and documentation meet all requirements.
Air quality analysis - reviewer checklist (PDF 125KB) - To make sure your air quality analysis meets all requirements.
Federal Highway Administration’s Air Quality and Transportation Conformity websites – For general information on conformity requirements.
EPA Project-Level Conformity and Hot-Spot Analyses website - Find a definition of "project of air quality concern".
Memorandum of Agreement - Fugitive Dust (PDF 22KB) – To manage fugitive dust on projects within King, Kitsap, Pierce, and Snohomish counties.
FHWA's updated interim guidance – To conduct the analysis.
FHWA MSAT Frequently Asked Questions – To determine if your project requires and how to conduct an MSAT analysis.
Project-Level Greenhouse Gas Evaluations Under NEPA & SEPA (PDF 293KB) – to document greenhouses gases.
Minnesota DOT Greenhouse Gas Emissions Analysis website – for the Infrastructure Carbon Estimator (ICE).
Track & manage commitments
Environmental Manual Chapter 490: Tracking environmental commitments (PDF 208KB) - During design in our Environmental Manual – To track commitments.
Environmental Manual Chapter 590: Incorporating environmental commitments into contracts (PDF 434KB) –To manage commitments.
Commitment tracking system (CTS) web application - track and manage environmental commitments. Find instructions on how to use CTS on the CTS help menu.
Senior Policy Specialist for Climate Change
Air, Noise, Energy Program Manager