State rail grant and loan programs
Freight Rail Assistance Program (FRAP) grants and Freight Rail Investment Bank (FRIB) loans are programs designed to support freight rail capital needs. When available, funding in the FRAP is open to applicants in both the public and private sector, and the FRIB is open to the public sector.
Washington state administers both a grant program and a loan program designed to support freight rail capital needs. The Connecting Washington transportation package passed by the Legislature and signed into law in July 2015 has increased the amount of available funding in the grant program.
For the 2021-23 biennium, a total of $7.04 million has been identified for Freight Rail Assistance Program grants and $5.089 million for Freight Rail Investment Bank loans. However, the programmed amount identified is subject to change and funding allotments will be re-evaluated after completion of the 2021 legislative session and final issuance of the 2021-23 transportation budget. Therefore, funding availability is not guaranteed.
The application process is closed for the supplemental 2019-2021 biennium. Recommendations for funding (PDF 158KB) were submitted to the Legislature in November 2020 for review and approval. If a project is selected for funding, funds will be available in July 2021.
The Application Packet (PDF 356KB) contains background information on the program as well as outlining all of the elements needed as part of a proposal.
Freight Rail Assistance Program
The FRAP is a grant program open to applicants in both the public and private sector. This program is directed toward larger projects where it is difficult to gain a contribution and where the rail location or the project is of strategic importance to the local community and the state.
- The amount sought in individual applications is not restricted, but it is based on available funding.
- The Legislature determines how those funds will be spent based upon the applications submitted through WSDOT. The Legislature may choose to increase or decrease the actual funding made available.
- This grant program is open to cities, county rail districts, counties, economic development councils, port districts, and privately or publicly owned railroads.
- Projects must be shown to maintain or improve the freight rail system in the state and benefit the state's interests.
Freight Rail Investment Bank
The FRIB is a loan program available to the public sector. This program is intended for either smaller projects or as a small part of a larger project, where state funds would enable the project to be completed.
- This loan program is open to organizations in the public sector only, as loans to the private sector are outside the constitution of the state.
- The loan maximum is $250,000 but could be higher depending on the amount of qualifying applications received and the caliber of proposed projects. Additionally, all applicants must provide a minimum 20 percent match.
Administration and scoring
The grant and loan programs are administered by WSDOT and require the applicants to provide a business plan for the project as well as a benefit/cost calculation to ensure they are generating public benefits.
Applicants are asked to self-score their proposals and these scores will be validated by WSDOT as part of the review process. Representatives from the Washington State Department of Commerce and other state agencies and organizations will participate with WSDOT in evaluating projects.
For questions regarding the application process -- or to request the application packet in an alternate format -- please contact the Freight Rail Coordinator.