Skip Top Navigation

Research Reports

Evaluation of Long-Term Pavement Performance and Noise Characteristics of Open-Graded Friction Courses - Project 2: Final Report

Description: This report describes the first of three experimental installations of open-graded friction course (OGFC) “quieter pavements” designed to reduce the noise generated at the tire/pavement interface. Experimental sections of OGFC were built using asphalt rubber (AR) and styrene-butadiene-styrene (SBS) polymer modified asphalt binders. A section of conventional hot mix asphalt (HMA) served as the control section for the two experimental sections.

The noise level of the OGFC-AR test section was audibly quieter than the HMA control section for only a period of five months after construction. The OGFC-SBS section was not initially audibly quieter than the HMA and never attained that level of noise reduction for the entire monitoring period of four years. The OGFC-AR test section was prone to excessive raveling and rutting and in places wore through to the underlying pavement. The OGFC-AR was removed by grinding in January of 2012 because of safety concerns with the rutting and in preparation for a project that reconstructs the entire corridor.

Open graded friction course quieter pavements are not recommended for use in Washington State due to the short duration of their noise mitigation properties and unacceptable life cycle cost.

  • Date Published: June, 2012
  • Publication Number: WA-RD 691.2
  • Last Modified: June 26, 2012
  • Authors: Keith W. Anderson, Jeff S.Uhlmeyer, Tim Sexton, Mark Russell, Jim Weston.
  • Originator: Washington (State). Dept. of Transportation. Materials Laboratory
  • # of Pages: 84 p., 1.76 mb (PDF)
  • Subject: Pavement performance, Tire/pavement noise, Friction course, Sound level, Recommendations, Surface course (Pavements), Experiments, Evaluation, Asphalt rubber, Styrene butadiene styrene.
  • Keywords: Quieter pavements, rubber asphalt, open-graded friction courses, on board sound intensity measurements, OBSI, SBS asphalt, OGFC.
  • Related Publications: Evaluation of Long-Term Pavement Performance and Noise Characteristics of Open-Graded Friction Courses -- Project 1: Post-Construction and Performance Report (WA-RD 683.1) ; 
    Evaluation of Long-Term Pavement Performance and Noise Characteristics of Open-Graded Friction Courses -- Project 1: Final Report (WA-RD 683.2) ;
    Evaluation of Long-Term Pavement Performance and Noise Characteristics of Open-Graded Friction Courses -- Project 2: Post-Construction and Performance Report (WA-RD 691.1) ;
    Evaluation of Long-Term Pavement Performance and Noise Characteristics of Open-Graded Friction Courses -- Project 3: Post-Construction and Performance Report (WA-RD 749.1) ;
    Evaluation of Long-Term Pavement Performance and Noise Characteristics of Open-Graded Friction Courses -- Project 3: Final Report (WA-RD 749.2).


This abstract was last modified July 22, 2013