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Engineering Improvements

Kids and parents using a crosswalk with a crossing guard's assistanceImprovements that reduce potential pedestrian and bicycle conflicts with motor vehicle traffic; reduce traffic volume around schools; and/or establish safer and fully accessible crossings, walkways, trails or bikeways.


Project Examples

  • Sidewalk improvements
  • Traffic calming and speed reduction improvements
  • Vehicle speed feedback signs and photo enforcement 
  • Pedestrian and bicycle crossing improvements
  • On-street bicycle facilities
  • Off-street bicycle and pedestrian facilities
  • Secure bicycle parking facilities

Standards and Guidelines

All Safe Routes to School projects must be consistent with the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO) “Guide for the Planning Design, and Operation of Pedestrian Facilities”, AASHTO “Guide for the Development of Bicycle Facilities”, “National Association of City Transportation Officials (NACTO) Bicycle Guide” and/or “NACTO Urban Street Guide”. Traffic control improvements must be in the most current version of the Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices, have interim approval or be accepted under experimental status.

Information about the inclusion of specific pedestrian and bicycle treatments in national design manuals can be found in the Planning Facilitates Design Resource Index. Guidance regarding potential project costs may be found in the Costs for Pedestrian and Bicycle Infrastructure Improvements resource.

Design Links

For More Information: National Center for Safe Routes to School Guide – Engineering