Washington State Facts

Gold Finch
Washington State Bird - American Goldfinch - Photo by Michael Myers

Admitted to the Union: November 11, 1889; 42nd state; named after George Washington.
Nickname: The Evergreen State.
Motto: Al-ki (Chinook jargon for “by and by”).
Bird: Willow Goldfinch. (pictured at right)
Flower: Coast Rhododendron.
Tree: Western Hemlock.
Gem: Petrified Wood.
Fish: Steelhead Trout.
Dance: Square Dance.
Song:Washington, My Home, by Helen Davis.
Folk Song:Roll On, Columbia, Roll On
by Woody Guthrie.
Rock Song (unofficial): Louie, Louie,
by Richard Berry.
Grass: Bluebunch Wheatgrass.
Fruit: Apple.
State Flag: State Seal on Green Field.
State Insect: Dragonfly (submitted by the students of Crestwood Elementary).
Size: 68,139 square miles.
Highest Point: Mount Rainier, 14,411 feet (F4).
Lowest Point: Sea level.

Give ’em a Brake
The Washington State Department of Transportation urges you to drive safely through work zones. Look out for flaggers in road construction zones, as well as utility – cable, natural gas, power, telephone, and water workers.

Traveler Information

511 travel logoCurrent traffic and weather information is available by dialing 5-1-1 from most phones. This automated telephone system provides information on:

  • Puget Sound traffic conditions
  • Statewide construction impacts
  • Incident information
  • Mountain pass conditions
  • State’s ferry system information
  • 800 numbers for passenger rail and airlines
  • Weather

Also visit the WSDOT home page at wsdot.wa.gov/traffic/.

Washington State Ferries

WSDOT's Ferries Division is the largest ferry system in the nation, serving 23 million passengers on ten routes throughout the Puget Sound, San Juan Islands and Sidney, B.C. For updated schedules, fares, and service announcements contact:

  • 1-800-843-3779) – automated recording
  • 1-888-808-7977 – Inside Washington State and British Columbia only
  • 206-464-6400 – Outside Washington State and Canada
  • www.wsdot.wa.gov/ferries

Washington State Tourism

Visit Washington State online: http://www.experiencewa.com/

Washington State Parks

Call the State Parks Information Center at 1-360-902-8844 during normal weekday business hours. For more information, visit their home page on the Internet at www.parks.wa.gov. To make campsite reservations in Washington, call 1-888-226-7688.

Crossing the United States / Canada Border

As of June 1, 2009, U.S. and Canadian citizens age 16 and older who enter the United States at land and sea ports will need to present a passport, passport card, Washington State enhanced driver's license (EDL) or a “trusted traveler” document such as the NEXUS card. If you are not a U.S. citizen, but are a permanent resident, you must have an alien resident card (green card). Parents traveling with children ages 16 and under are required to provide a birth certificate for each child (original or certified copy). If both birth parents are not traveling, written authorization from a parent or proof of custody must be presented.

General information about crossing the border between the United States and Canada can be found at: http://www.cbp.gov/, or by calling the Blaine, WA, Customs Office at 360-332-5771 (24 hours, seven days a week). For immigration information, contact the US Immigration National Customer Service Center at 1-800-375-5283 or TTY: 1-800-767-1833.

Rail Information

Amtrak Cascades, European-styled trains, are ready to take you from Seattle to Portland, or to Vancouver, B.C., with several stops in-between. For reservations and information, visit http://www.amtrakcascades.com/ or call 1-800-872-7245).


Contact information for public transit, intercity bus and shuttle service providers can be found at www.wsdot.wa.gov/choices

Emergency Phone Numbers

Call 911 to reach most local police, fire and medical emergency help.

Map comments and suggestions are welcome.

WSDOT GIS & Roadway Data Office
PO Box 47384
Olympia, WA 98504-7384
360-596-8919 Julie Jackson or 360-596-8921 Mark Bozanich
Email: maps@wsdot.wa.gov

Cartography: Julie Jackson, Mark Bozanich and Taryn Lund
Graphics: Steve Riddle