The goal of this study was to identify the flow conditions under which stable bedforms exist; provide the geometric characteristics of these bedforms; measure the magnitude of the streamwise velocity and energy dissipation factor; and determine the friction factor under various flow conditions and gravel sizes. Design criteria and recommendations for stable bedforms were provided upon the termination of this research. Stable bedforms are defined as those bedforms of which the spatial characteristics (height and spacing) do not change with time. The focus of this study was on streams with slopes greater than 3%, as clear design requirements for bed geomorphologic stability are lacking for these cases, and they are of particular interest in the design and retrofit of culverts for both anadromous and resident migratory fish passage.
Washington State Transportation Center (TRAC)
Culverts, Design, Fishes, Flow, Friction factor, Geometry, Geomorphology, Gravel, Retrofitting, Size, Stability (Mechanics), Streambeds, Streams, Velocity.