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Research Reports

Contaminant Detention in Highway Grass Filter Strips

Description: A 17-month sampling campaign was initiated to investigate the potential for vegetated highway shoulders to retain suspended solids, metals, and total petroleum hydrocarbons (TPH). A site along SR 8 in Western Washington was selected and three full-scale test plots constructed for evaluation of contaminant retention capability. The data indicated that TPH and suspended solids were effectively removed. Metal concentration reduction was also effective when consideration was given to inadvertent pretreatment afforded by the highway runoff collection system. Consequently, the vegetated highway shoulder, located along hundreds of miles of highway can provide a cost effective means of contaminant retention.

  • Date Published: January, 2000
  • Publication Number: WA-RD 474.1
  • Last Modified: May 19, 2007
  • Author: David R. Younge.
  • Originator: Washington State Transportation Center (TRAC)
  • # of Pages: 76 p., 474 KB (PDF)
  • Subject: Bioremediation, Contaminants, Cost effectiveness, Field tests, Filtration, Grasses, Hydrocarbons, Metals, Road shoulders, Runoff, Sampling, Suspended sediments, Vegetation.
  • Keywords: Highway runoff, vegetative filter strips, contaminant retention, metal retention, SR 8, Western Washington.
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This abstract was last modified April 29, 2008