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Complying with Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA): Planning, Design, and Construction Resources for Local Agencies

Sidewalk with ground level perspective and a level According to the 2010 U.S. Census, about one out of every five people in the United States have a disability which reduces or limits their mobility, hearing, or vision. These disabilities may be present at birth or a result of an accident or disease. These disabilities can also develop with the normal aging process, and this is important because the United States population as a whole is growing older.

Summary of Requirements

  • New construction and altered facilities must be “accessible to and usable by” people with disabilities. (ADA Title II and Rehabilitation Act Section 504)
  • Transportation providers must evaluate existing facilities, policies, and programs for discrimination and develop a modification or transition plan that includes: 
    • Methods and a schedule for correction/retrofit.
    • Curb ramp installation schedule

(ADA Title II (28 CFR Part 35.149 and 35.150).

  • Individual pedestrians must be reasonably accommodated. The most common request is for an accessible pedestrian signal and pushbutton (APS). (ADA Title II and Rehabilitation Act Section 504) 

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